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Yellow buckeye Aeseulus octandra , also called sweet buckeye or big buckeye, is the largest of the buckeyes and is most abundant in the Great Smoky Mountains of southeastern United States. It grows best on moist and deep, dark humus soils with good drainage in river bottoms, coves, and northern slopes. The young shoots and seeds contain a poisonous glucoside that is harmful to animals, but the shape and foliage make this an attractive shade tree. The wood is the softest of all American hardwoods and makes poor lumber; but it is used for pulpwood and woodenware.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to grow buckeye trees from seedContent:
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- Are there buckeye trees in Ohio?
- Luck Of The Buckeye Tree
- Buckeyes and Horsechestnuts
- Aesculus.—Ohio Buckeye.
- What is Buckeye Candy?
- U.S. Forest Service
- How can I germinate buckeye seeds?
Related entry: Hippocastanum. The bark and fruit of the Aesculus glabra , Willdenow. Botanical Source. The flowers are small and yellowish, and borne in a loose thyrsoid panicle. Each flower has four petals about half the length of its stamens, which are seven in number and curved. The fruit is a prickly capsule, containing the seed. It flowers in May and June, and on account of the unpleasant odor given off the tree is often called fetid buckeye. The fruit contains an abundance of very fine starch, which it is surprising has not yet been introduced into commerce.
Chemical Composition. Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage. In over-doses it affects the cerebro-spinal system somewhat after the manner of nux vomica. Dizziness, fixation of the eyes, impairment of vision, vomiting, wry-neck, opisthotonos, stupor, and tympanites are among its effects. In lethal doses these symptoms are increased, coma supervenes, and death finally takes place.
The dried powder of the nut inhaled causes violent sneezing. The action of buckeye is similar to, but more powerful than that of the horse-chestnut A. Hippocastanum , though some think it less powerful than the latter in its effects upon the portal circulation. It probably acts more powerfully on the spinal than upon the sympathetic nerves.
When an excited circulation, with frequent pulse, depends upon disorders of the respiratory and sympathetic nerves, it acts as a decided sedative. The difficult breathing of non-paroxysmal asthma , where the dyspnoea is persistent, but does not amount to a paroxysm, is markedly benefited by aesculus glabra, while in coughs , associated with post-manubrial constriction—a sensation of grasping and tightening—its action is positive.
The latter sensation without the cough quickly yields to it. Phthisis, bronchitis , etc. Intestinal uneasiness and irritation , with a sense of contraction and colic-like pains in the region of the umbilicus, are indications for its use. It is asserted valuable in intestinal dyspepsia with these symptoms, and in hepatic congestion and chronic constipation.
Its control over the portal circulation and its attendant disorders is pronounced, and as a remedy for hemorrhoids depending upon portal derangements, it has attained a reputation.
A sense of constriction in the rectum is the guide to its use. In female disorders , with tumid and enlarged cervix uteri, with too frequent and profuse menstruation, it may be employed with advantage. Owing to its powerful action upon the nervous system the drug will repay study. It has been employed with asserted success in rheumatism and as a stimulant in paralysis.
The dose of specific aesculus glabra is from 1 to 5 drops. Specific Indications and Uses. Related Species. Red buckeye. United States.
Southern states, from Georgia and Virginia westward. A small shrub; or in the vicinity of mountains, a tree. Coloring matter, tannin, resin, and a peculiar crystalline body, were obtained from red buckeye by Mr. Bachelor in , from the testa of the fruit; and a green or brown fixed oil to the amount of 5 per cent, cane sugar, and a little over 2 per cent of a peculiar bitter, acrid, poisonous glucosid, of a brown color, were obtained from the cotyledons, which are principally starch.
According to F. Peyre Porcher, M. The fresh nut made into a paste with flour, and also the bruised twigs of the shrub, were used in the swamps of the Santee to stupefy fish, so as to cause them to float that they might readily be taken. A decoction of the nuts was recommended as a topical application to gangrene , and a strong decoction of the root held in the mouth was reputed a cure for toothache. An excellent starch, which does not become yellow with age, has been prepared from the fruit.
It probably possesses the same properties as aesculus glabra. Aesculus flava , Aiton. Sweet buckeye, Large buckeye. Grows from 6 to 70 feet high, and has yellow flowers. Aesculus parviflora , Walter. Small-flowered buckeye. Shrub, 2 to 9 feet high, with small, white flowers. Henriette's herbal is one of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the net. It's been online since , and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland.
Skip to main content. Henriette's Herbal Homepage. Search form Search. About Contact User's guide Luentoja. King's American Dispensatory,Botanical name:. Aesculus flava. Order your set today!
Are there buckeye trees in Ohio?
Red buckeye Aesculus pavia var. The specific epithet honors Petrus Pavius, a 16th-century Dutch botanist. In the U. In Arkansas, it occurs statewide except for portions of the western Ozark Highlands and low lying areas along the Mississippi River. Other common names include scarlet buckeye and woolly buckeye.
The red, painted and bottlebrush buckeyes are small trees, but Ohio and yellow buckeyes and horsechestnut may grow quite large. Their fruit have.
Luck Of The Buckeye Tree
Related to the European horse chestnut, the Ohio Buckeye is a rounded deciduous tree with low, sweeping branches that arch upwards at the ends, and dense foliage. It is as a planted ornamental that it appears elsewhere. One of the first trees to leaf out in the spring, the Ohio Buckeye has large, compound leaves, with pointed leaflets radiating outward from the end of a central stalk; each leaflet has a drawn-out, pointed tip. It prefers evenly moist, well-drained sites with a more alkaline pH, and partial shade allowing some sun. In spring, it produces showy yellow-green flowers with pollen-bearing stamens that extend far beyond the petals. Its fruit can occur singly or in clusters — one to three seeds or nuts enclosed in a spiny, golden-brown husk. Easy to carve and whittle but difficult to split, its lightweight wood has been used to make prosthetic limbs. Since Colonial times, people carried buckeye nuts in their pockets to attract good luck.
Buckeyes and Horsechestnuts
Plant Types: Shrub. Its native range extends from North Carolina south to Florida, west to central Texas, and as far north as Illinois. It grows under the shade of taller trees in rich, acidic, mesic containing a moderate amount of moisture woodland areas and river bluffs as a shrub 10 to 15 feet high. Its long, red, tubular flowers are borne on upright panicles 6 to 10 inches long.
Also known as the American Buckeye, this variety is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows as tall as 80 feet in the Ohio valley though rarely tops out above 40 feet in Colorado. The Buckeye is a slow-growing tree with inch five-fingered oblong leaf clusters and chestnut-like fruit.
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What is Buckeye Candy?
Ohio buckeye tree. The fruit and leaves of an Ohio buckeye tree Aesculus glabra. The leaves are finely toothed and the mature "chestnut" fruits have smooth cases, unlike the horse chestnut trees that are more common in the UK. These "chestnuts" are poisonous to humans. A parasitic misteltoe plant grows in the crown. Isolated on white. Foglie colorate autunnali di ippocastano in autunno, sui rami.
Buckeyes are distinctive trees, known for their early spring flowers. name of Fetid Buckeye, and because of litter from its dropping fruit and leaves.
U.S. Forest Service
The Aesculus genus Buckeyes and Horse Chestnuts , comprises of nineteen species of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs native to the temperate northern hemisphere. Six species are native to North America and the rest are native to Eurasia. There are eight hybrids in the Aesculus genus.
How can I germinate buckeye seeds?RELATED VIDEO: the mystery tree was a BUCKEYE TREE
The California buckeye is a native tree that grows in canyons, along riverbanks and streams, and on dry slopes. This species is known for its large, orange-brown seeds. Squirrels are the only wildlife that eat buckeye seeds, as they are toxic for every other animal. In the spring, the California buckeye produces many spikes of frilly white flowers that grow in clusters.
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California buckeyes lose their leaves in summer, to weather summer drought, and later develop the largest seeds of any California native plant. Photo by Pete Veilleux, www. My grandfather, like many men of his time and place, carried a buckeye in his pocket, a seed from one of the Ohio buckeye trees that grow in the Ozarks. It probably also just felt good in his hand.